Metacognition means ‘thinking about thinking’ and refers to self-awareness of our own thoughts and other cognitive processes.
Research has shown that metacognition tends to be lower than average in individuals currently experiencing psychosis, and this is associated with recovery and general functioning. In clinical fields metacognition tends to refer to ‘insight’ into illness, but can refer more broadly to self-awareness and objective appraisal of task performance.
There are a number of people who experience unusual sensory phenomena in the general population. This program of research aims to investigate the metacognitive abilities of these people and investigate how this might differ from clinical groups, with a view to understanding how to make clinical experiences less distressing.